What is Obesity?
What is Obesity?
Obesity results from the excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an increase in 20 percent or more above your ideal body weight is the point at which excess weight becomes a health risk. Today 127 million Americans, more than one-third of the adult population, are overweight, and 60 million are obese. An estimated 9 million of those are considered morbidly obese.
You are considered to be obese if you weigh at least 100 pounds over your ideal body weight or have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35. The BMI is a mathematical formula that factors a person’s height and weight in determining obesity. You are considered to be morbidly obese if you have a BMI of 40 or greater. Persons with a BMI of 40 or more or those with a BMI of 35 or more with serious health conditions may be candidates for Bariatric Surgery.
What is Morbid Obesity?
Obesity becomes "morbid" when it reaches the point of significantly increasing the risk of one or more obesity-related health conditions or serious diseases, also known as co-morbidities. These co-morbidities are conditions or diseases that result in either significant physical disability or even death. As you read about morbid obesity you may also see the term "clinically severe obesity" used. Both are descriptions of the same condition and can be used interchangeably. Morbid obesity is typically defined as being 100 lbs. or more over ideal body weight or having a BMI of 40 or higher. According to the NIH Consensus Report, morbid obesity is a serious disease and must be treated as such. It is a chronic disease, meaning that morbid obesity symptoms build slowly over an extended period of time.
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